Endoscopy is a surgical discipline which uses optical instruments specially designed to help diagnose the most frequent female disorders and pathologies such as some infertility problems, small vaginal hemorrhages or endometrial polyps among others. Endoscopy employs hysteroscopy and laparoscopy for these purposes.


  Diagnostic hysteroscopy
Diagnostic hysteroscopy is an incision-free procedure which helps visualise the interior of the uterine cavity or uterus. In order to do this, a hysteroscope, (a kind of miniscule telescope of only 4 millimetres in diametre) is inserted via the neck of the uterus. It is not necessary to make an incision as a natural orifice, the neck of the uterus, is used. Normally the intervention is carried out without anaesthetic; Occasionally local anaesthetic is used. This ambulatory procedure lasts between 20 and 30 minutes.
  Operative hysteroscopy
When an endometrial polyp has to be removed, the operative hysteroscopy allows for its extraction by means of a technically simple intervention which is often carried out under local or regional anaesthetic. This procedure requires the use of a surgical hysteroscope which allows for the introduction of the instruments necessary to carry out the intervention and resolve this and other endometrial or uterine problems (myomas).
Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgical technique which allows intervention in the abdominal cavity without the need for a major operation. This procedure is carried out under anaesthetic sedation, the recovery is fast and the patient can leave the clinic in 2 or 3 hours. It allows for the visualisation of the interior genital organs such as the uterus, the ovaries and the Fallopian tubes so that a diagnosis can be made when the patient has chronic pelvic pains, in cases of infertility, etc.
  Advantages of endoscopic surgery
The recovery from endoscopic surgery is faster than in classic surgery cases as interventions are short and the patients stay in the medical centre for a very short period of time. Post-operatorial infections are less probable than with conventional surgery. At the same time, the costs of the procedure are reduced. It is worth mentioning that these modern surgical techniques are meticulous, while anaesthetic procedures allow for a fast recovery. Side-effects are almost non-existent.